Andreas Dick

Emotions as External Entities

In traditional cultures, emotions or affects are typically not viewed as an internal state of the subject, but as some kind of externality taking possession of the subject. James Hillman expressed a similar theory of emotions, when he alleged that the origin of emotions lies outside the proprium of the owning person and that emotions want to win the subject over to their vision, thus forcing unconsciousness upon it. Similarly, according to the modern mystic Stylianos Atteshlis, emotions are thought-forms (or so-called elementals) with a certain intelligence of their own, appearing in two distinct types: unconscious desire-thoughts and conscious thought-desires. These views of emotions as external entities are compared to the central tenets of Analytical Psychology. Consequences for emotion regulation and psychotherapy are explored.


Dr. Andreas Dick works as a licensed psychotherapist in Zurich, Switzerland, since 2008. His therapeutic approach is based on Jungian Analytical Psychology with an emphasis on emotions, dreams, imagination, and pictures. He completed his Ph. D. in Clinical Psychology at the University of Berne, Switzerland, and obtained a certificate of advanced studies in Analytical Psychology from the C. G. Jung Institute Zurich in 2019. He is currently a diploma candidate at the Jung Institute. Andreas Dick also completed a training in cognitive-behavioral therapy at the University of Berne, Switzerland, from 1998 to 2002. From 2002 to 2007, he worked as a postdoctoral fellow at Florida International University in Miami, FL, and as an Assistant and Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Redlands in Redlands, CA. He is a member of the Swiss Federation of Psychologists (FSP).


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